MTSAT-1R is a multifunctional transport satellite built for the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MLIT) to serve the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau & Meteorological Agency. This advanced geostationary satellite has a rideshare payload that plays a critical role in Japan's next generation of satellite-enhanced air traffic management systems and weather forecasting. MTSAT-1R replaced MTSAT-1, which was destroyed in a launch failure in 1999. MTSAT-1R launched in February 2005.