Launched in November 2009, Intelsat 14 provides Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) for Intelsat, the world's largest satellite services operator, and includes a condosat arrangement for the Internet Router In Space (IRIS). The IRIS payload is part of a Department of Defense Joint Capabilities Technology Demonstration (JCTD) to assess the utility of a space-based computer processor that enables U.S. military units and allied forces to communicate with one another using Internet protocol and existing ground equipment. The IRIS payload enhances satellite performance and reduces signal degradation from atmospheric conditions. SSL has been providing satellites to Intelsat for four decades, and Intelsat 14 is the 44th SSL satellite built for Intelsat. In addition to the IRIS piggyback payload, the satellite has 40 C-band and 22 Ku-band transponders across four different beams, covering the Americas, Europe, and Africa. Based on the SSL 1300 satellite bus, Intelsat 14 has 15 years design life and replaces the IS-1R satellite.